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Glossary-C

 

Caking – Settling of a dense deposit in a coating material that cannot be re-dispersed by simple stirring.

Calcimine – A water-thinned paint composed essentially of calcium carbonate or clay glue.

Catalyst – An ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes used in two component paint systems.

Cathode – The electrode at which corrosion (oxidation) usually doesn’t occur.

Cathodic Protection – Corrosion prevention by sacrificial anodes or impressed current.

Caulking Compound – A semidrying or slow drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows or chimneys.

Cavitation – Undercutting, crevice forming may be caused by fluids at high velocities and by flashing from liquid to gaseous state.

Chalking – The formation of a loose powder or the surface of paint after exposure to the elements.

Checking – A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.

Chipping – 1.Cleanning steel using special hammers, 2.Type of paint failure.

Chlorinated – Natural or synthetic rubber that has been chlorinated to increase its solubility in organic solvents. It possesses a high degree of chemical and water resistance. Often used in swimming pool paint.

Cissing – Small holes in the surface. Caused by oil, grease or silicone contamination.

Clear Coating – A transparent protective and/or decorative coating.

Coal Tar – Black residue remaining after coal is distilled.

Coalescing – The settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water evaporates.

Coating – Paint, varnish, lacquer or other finish used to create a protective and/or decorative layer.

Cobwebbing – Premature drying causing a spider wed effect.

Cohesion – Attraction of molecules within a coating (how it holds together).

Colorant – Concentrated color that can be added to paints to make a specific color.

Colorfast – Maintaining color without fading or rusting.

Color Retention – Ability of a coating to maintain a uniform or consistent color across its entire surface, particularly during the weathering process.

Compatibility – Ability to mix or adhere properly to other components.

Contact Cement – Completely non-staining cement. Ideal for applying wall paneling and for covering counters, cabinetss and table tops with both porous and non-porous surfacing materials ranging from linoleum to plastic laminates.

Continuity – Degree of being intact of pore free.

Converter – Catalyst; Curing agent promoter, causes change to different state

Copolymers – Large molecules resulting by polymerization of different monomers.

Corrosion – Decay; oxidation; deterioration of materials due to their interaction with the environment.

Corrosion Fatigue – Loss of strength caused by corrosion.

Coverage – The area over which a given amount of paint will spread and hide the previous surface. (usually expressed in square feet per gallon)

Cracking – The type of paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines wide enough to expose the underlying surface.

Cratering – Formation of holes or deep depressions in paint film

Crawling – Shrinking of paint to form uneven surface.

Crazing – Small interlacing scales or cracks on surface of finish.

Creosote – A type of liquid coating made from coal tar that is used as a wood preservative. It should not be used on wood that will be painted later.

Cross-Linking – A method which chemical link to form films.

Curing – Final conversion or drying of a coating material.

Custom Color – Special colors made by adding colorant to paint or by intermixing colors, which permits the retailer to match a color selected by the customer.

Cutting In – Careful painting of an edge such as wall color at the ceiling line or at the edge of woodwork.

 

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