Caking – Settling of a dense deposit in a coating material that cannot be re-dispersed by simple stirring.
Calcimine – A water-thinned paint composed essentially of calcium carbonate or clay glue.
Catalyst – An ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes used in two component paint systems.
Cathode – The electrode at which corrosion (oxidation) usually doesn’t occur.
Cathodic Protection – Corrosion prevention by sacrificial anodes or impressed current.
Caulking Compound – A semidrying or slow drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows or chimneys.
Cavitation – Undercutting, crevice forming may be caused by fluids at high velocities and by flashing from liquid to gaseous state.
Chalking – The formation of a loose powder or the surface of paint after exposure to the elements.
Checking – A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.
Chipping – 1.Cleanning steel using special hammers, 2.Type of paint failure.
Chlorinated – Natural or synthetic rubber that has been chlorinated to increase its solubility in organic solvents. It possesses a high degree of chemical and water resistance. Often used in swimming pool paint.
Cissing – Small holes in the surface. Caused by oil, grease or silicone contamination.
Clear Coating – A transparent protective and/or decorative coating.
Coal Tar – Black residue remaining after coal is distilled.
Coalescing – The settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water evaporates.
Coating – Paint, varnish, lacquer or other finish used to create a protective and/or decorative layer.
Cobwebbing – Premature drying causing a spider wed effect.
Cohesion – Attraction of molecules within a coating (how it holds together).
Colorant – Concentrated color that can be added to paints to make a specific color.
Colorfast – Maintaining color without fading or rusting.
Color Retention – Ability of a coating to maintain a uniform or consistent color across its entire surface, particularly during the weathering process.
Compatibility – Ability to mix or adhere properly to other components.
Contact Cement – Completely non-staining cement. Ideal for applying wall paneling and for covering counters, cabinetss and table tops with both porous and non-porous surfacing materials ranging from linoleum to plastic laminates.
Continuity – Degree of being intact of pore free.
Converter – Catalyst; Curing agent promoter, causes change to different state
Copolymers – Large molecules resulting by polymerization of different monomers.
Corrosion – Decay; oxidation; deterioration of materials due to their interaction with the environment.
Corrosion Fatigue – Loss of strength caused by corrosion.
Coverage – The area over which a given amount of paint will spread and hide the previous surface. (usually expressed in square feet per gallon)
Cracking – The type of paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines wide enough to expose the underlying surface.
Cratering – Formation of holes or deep depressions in paint film
Crawling – Shrinking of paint to form uneven surface.
Crazing – Small interlacing scales or cracks on surface of finish.
Creosote – A type of liquid coating made from coal tar that is used as a wood preservative. It should not be used on wood that will be painted later.
Cross-Linking – A method which chemical link to form films.
Curing – Final conversion or drying of a coating material.
Custom Color – Special colors made by adding colorant to paint or by intermixing colors, which permits the retailer to match a color selected by the customer.
Cutting In – Careful painting of an edge such as wall color at the ceiling line or at the edge of woodwork.
If you found this article informative or you need more information about painting services and products in Sacramento,San Francisco Bay Area,San Jose and California’s Central Valley, call us at 1-866-8CAPITAL or send us your message in the form below. We’ll appreciate your comment!