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Glossary M-N

Glossary M-N   Maintenance Painting – To preserve structures and equipment from premature failure and maintain them in appealing condition. Mar Resistance – The ability of a coating to resist damage caused by light abrasion, impact or pressure. Marine Varnish – Varnish specially designed for immersion in water and exposure to marine atmosphere. Masking – Temporary covering of areas not to be painted. Masking Tape – A strip of paper or cloth similar to adhesive tape, which can be easily removed, used to temporarily cover areas that are not to be painted. Mastic – A heavy-bodied coating of high build. MEK – Methyl Ethyl Ketone, a highly volatile solvent with good solubility for most vinyls, urethanes and other coatings. Metallics – A class of paints that include metal flakes in their composition. Metallizing – Mechanical deposition of one metal on another. Metamerism – Relates to two colors and their relation under different light sources. It also defines the capability of humans […]

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Glossary I-J-K-L

Glossary I-J-K-L   Impact Resistant – Ability to resist deformation from impact. Incompatibility – Inability to mix with or adhere to another material. Indicator Paper (pH) – A vegetable dyed paper indicating relative acidity or basicity. Inert – A non-reactive pigment: filler Inhibitor – Material such as primer used to retard rusting or corrosion. Inorganic Coatings – Containing no carbon. Intercoat Adhesion – The adhesion between two coats of paint. Intercoat Contamination – Presence of foreign matter between successive coats. Interior – The inside surfaces of a structure. Intermediate Coat – The coating between the primer and finish; often called a barrier coat. Intumescent Coating – A coating material which by foaming or swelling forms a voluminous substance when exposed to heat                                                         […]

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Glossary G-H

Glossary G-H   Galvanic Corrosion – Corrosion of dissimilar metals in electrical conduct. Galvanized – A thin coating of zinc that covers iron or steel to prevent rusts. Gelling – Conversion from liquid to gel state. Generic – Belonging to a particular family. Glazing – A term used to describe several types of finishing materials. (1) Glazing putty is of a creamy consistency and is applied to fill imperfections in the surface. (2) A glazing stain is a pigmented stain applied over a stained, filled or painted surface to soften or blend the original color without obscuring it. (3) A glaze coat is a clear finish applied over previously coated surfaces to create a gloss finish. Glazing Compound – Putty used to set glass in window frames and to fill nail holes and cracks. Gloss – Luster or sheen of paints and coatings; ability to reflect light; brightness. Gloss Meter […]

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Glossary-E

Glossary-E   Edging – Striping Efflorescence – A deposit of soluble white salts that remain on the surface of masonry, brick or plaster when water has evaporated. Eggshell Finish – Degree of sheen between flat and gloss finish. Elasticity – Degree of recovery from stretching Electrolysis – Decomposition by means of an electric current. Electrolyte – A solution that can conduct an electric current. Electrostatic Spray – A method of paint application whereby an electric field deposition is used to promote the deposition of a coating material onto a substrate. Elongation – Stretch. Emulsion Paint – Paint in which particles are suspended in water or oil with the aid of an emulsifier as in latex paint. Enamel – Broad classification paints that dry to a hard finish. They made be flat, gloss or semi-gloss. Endothermic – A change or process which takes place with absorption of heat. Epoxy Resins – […]

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Glossary-D

Glossary-D   Decorative Painting – Architectural painting; aesthetical painting Degreaser – Chemical solution (compound) for grease removal. Delamination – Separation of layers. Density – Weight per unit volume. Detergent – Cleaning agent Deterioration – Decay. Dew Point – Temperature at which moisture condenses. Diluents – A liquid which lowers the viscosity and increases bulk; thinner Discoloration – Color change. Dispersion – Suspension of one component in another. Distensibility – Ability to be stretched. Distillation – Purification or separation by volatilizing and condensing. Distressing – Treatment of furniture, usually in the process of being antiqued, in order to make it appear older than it is. Consists of marring the surface or applying specks of glaze before varnishing. Dolomite – Carbonate of calcium and magnesium. Drier – A paint ingredient that aids the drying or hardening of the film. Drop Cloth – Protective cover. Dry Fall Paint – Dry fall paints use […]

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